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Hi stacey2712


With reference to the first part of your question 'How does he (Piaget) think children learn best?' I wrote the following in a recent literature review:


Piaget (cited in Schwebel and Raph, 1974) states that many educators limit themselves to showing objects without allowing children to explore or still 'even worse, simply present audio-visual representations of objects in the erroneous belief that the mere fact of perceiving the objects and their transformation will be equivalent to direct action of the learner in the experience'. (p.ix) Piaget (cited in Schwebel and Raph, 1974) states further that without active manipulation of concrete objects the activity is an apparent waste of time. Piaget (cited in Schwebel and Raph, 1974) asserts that 'it is absolutely necessary that learners have at their disposal concrete materials experiences and that they form their own hypothesis and verify them (or not verify them) themeselves through their own active manipulations.' (p.x) Piaget (cited in Schwebel and Raph, 1974) states that if the aim of education is to inform the intelligence and produce intellectual explorers, rather than to 'stock the memory' (p.51) then 'traditional education is manifestly guilty of a grave deficiency'. (p.51)


I hope you find this useful, Piaget was a constructivist who believed that children are lone scientists. Piaget believed that children are active learners that pass through stages of cognitive development.




Ref: Schwebel, M and Raph, J (1974) Piaget in the classroom London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd.



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Piaget thought children learned from first hand experiences and they only needed adults to provide the right resources for them to explore. He only observed children working alone most of the time so he didn't acknowledge the benefits of teamwork or any other social interaction.


I did read a little bit about how he thought that if another child tells them something they are more likely to try to work out why it is. Whereas if an adult tells them, they will just accept that it is true.


Does that help you at all?

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